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190 countries

Generational Limit

Parents / Grandparents





Global RCG’s Ancestry-based
Citizenship Practice

Cohort Availability Dashboard

Each cohort has a maximum of 15 qualified members

Submit your application form for review. Once approved, we’ll reserve a space for you in the next available monthly cohort.


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As of March 13th, 2023

Admission is on a first-come, first-served basis

Four paths to Spanish citizenship

Path #1

by birth

Path #2

Citizenship By Descent

Path #3

Citizenship By Residency

Path #4

Citizenship By Option

Spanish Citizenship
Via Ancestry

Program Overview

The Law of Democratic Memory

The Law of Democratic Memory, as it is known officially, seeks to help Spain make some amends for its recent history. Its goals are obvious. the restoration, preservation, and propagation of that memory, which has been so severely damaged by 40 years of dictatorship. Additionally, "to foster solidarity and cohesion among the many generations around the constitutional ideas, values, and freedoms."

The law offered Spanish citizenship to the children of Spanish exiles who had fled from the Franco regime. The 2007 Historical Memory Law had excluded children of exiles who had changed or renounced their Spanish citizenship; the new law entitled any descendant of Spanish immigrants born before 1985 – the year Spain changed its nationality law – to citizenship. This now included the grandchildren of people exiled under the Franco dictatorship, and the descendants of women who had lost their citizenship on marrying non-Spaniards. It is estimated that 700,000 people could be eligible for citizenship under the new "grandchildren law.

Two year window only

La Ley de los Nietos is estimated to enable over 750,000 people around the world to qualify for Spanish citizenship under this law.

Which is why the government will only accept applications for the next two years.

What is the law?

As published in the Consolidated Legislation Law 20/2022, of October 19, on Democratic Memory (here) defined in General Provisions…
Article 1. Object and purpose.

  1. The purpose of this law is the recovery, safeguarding and dissemination of democratic memory, understood as knowledge of the vindication and defense of democratic values and fundamental rights and freedoms throughout the contemporary history of Spain, in order to promote cohesion and solidarity between the various generations around the principles, Constitutional values and freedoms.
  2. The law shall also recognize those who suffered persecution or violence, for political, ideological, thought or opinion reasons, conscience or religious belief, sexual orientation and identity, during the period between the coup d'état of July 18, 1936, the Spanish War and the Franco dictatorship until the entry into force of the Spanish Constitution of 1978, as well as promoting their moral reparation and the recovery of their personal, family and collective memory, adopting complementary measures aimed at eliminating elements of division among citizens and promoting ties of union around values, principles and constitutional rights.
  3. The coup d'état of July 18, 1936 and the subsequent Franco dictatorship are repudiated and condemned, in affirmation of democratic principles and values and the dignity of the victims. The regime that emerged from the military conflict initiated with this military coup and which, as a result of the struggles of the anti-Franco social movements and different political actors, was replaced with the proclamation of a Social and Democratic State of Law upon the entry into force of the Constitution on December 29, 1978, is declared illegal. after the Democratic Transition.

Free Spanish Citizenship
Eligibly Assessment

Vital Records Requirements

*Requirement will vary depending on eligibility path

  • Your completed application form;
  • Original and photocopy of your passport –
    you’ll need a copy of every page;
  • Original and photocopy of your valid foreign identity card (tarjeta de identidad de extranjero);
  • Birth certificate, printed within the last 90 days (with a sworn translation attached, if issued in a language that isn’t Spanish.) Both documents will need to be legalized;
  • Spanish criminal record certificate/ penales del Registro Central de Penados, printed within the last 90 days;
  • Criminal record certificate or background check from your home country (certificado de antecedentes penales / certificado de antecedentes) printed within the last 90 days, with a sworn translation attached. Again, both documents will need to be legalized;
  • Marriage certificate (if applicable);
  • Government registration certificate/ certificado de empadronamiento, printed within the last 90 days;
  • A DELE (language exam) certificate showing a minimum A2 level in Spanish (read more about how EU language levels are assessed);
  • A CCSE exam certificate or prueba de conocimientos constitucionales y socioculturales. This is an exam testing your general knowledge of Spanish culture and laws;
  • Proof of payment of the €100 application fee (this is non-refundable even if your application is rejected).

Mandatory documents required by persons whose parents are citizens of Spain:

  • Birth certificate of father or mother;
  • Certificate, birth certificate of an interested person registered at the place of residence in the Spanish State Register.

Mandatory documents required for a person whose parents or grandparents were Spaniards:

  • Birth certificate of one of the parents;
  • Birth certificate of grandparents, if one of them or both have Spanish roots, in which case the birth certificate of their parents, regardless of whether they were Spanish citizens or not.

What do the following famous Americans have in common?

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How can I find out whether my last name has Judeo Spanish ties?

We recommend checking out If your surname pops up on a list there, it’s a good sign that you have the required ancestry.

What organizations are legally eligible to verify claims of Jewish ancestry?

The FCJE is a good starting place to find a proper authority – the Fedeacion de Comunidades Judias de España.

Will I need to give up my passport?

Spain has dual citizenship agreements in place with a number of Latin American countries and former colonies (see list above). If your country is on this list you will not need to give up your passport.

Still have a question?

Contact us

Spanish Citizenship by Birth:

You are Spanish by origin/birth and can apply directly for Spanish citizenship (where you do not require a residency period) if you were:

If one of your parents is a Spanish citizen born in Spain,

Born in Spain to foreign parents, if at least one parent was also born in Spain.
The exception is children of diplomats and consuls accredited in Spain;

Were adopted by a Spaniard and are under 18, or are over 18 and were adopted within the last two years;

We're born in Spain to foreign parents whose identity is unknown or their country of origin is undetermined (stateless or refugee status). This also applies if neither parents’ nationality could be legally passed on to you


Citizenship By Option

Obtaining citizenship by option occurs after one of your family members has already obtained citizenship. People who can benefit from citizenship by option include children of foreign citizens born in Spanish territory, people over the age of 18 who were adopted by Spanish nationals, and those who are or have been in the custody of a Spaniard.

If you are a foreigner and your children were born in Spain, they may be deemed Spanish by default (citizenship by presumption).

-Children of Spaniards nationalized in Spain may acquire nationality whenever they request it before they reach the age of 20-