Nationals of Ibero-American countries can qualify for Spanish Citizenship after only 1-2 years
To qualify for citizenship after two years of residency, you must be a citizen of any Spanish-speaking country in the Americas (including Puerto Rico), Brazil, Portugal, Andorra, or the Philippines.
Spain does not enforce its requirement to renounce your existing citizenship (as opposed to Germany or Netherlands,
In Spain, the life expectancy is on average 82 years (that’s 79 for men, 85 for women). That’s up there with the big hitters of life expectancy – Switzerland, Italy, and Japan.
Submit your application form for review. Once approved, we’ll reserve a space for you in the next available monthly cohort.
The Law of Democratic Memory, as it is known officially, seeks to help Spain make some amends for its recent history. Its goals are obvious. the restoration, preservation, and propagation of that memory, which has been so severely damaged by 40 years of dictatorship. Additionally, "to foster solidarity and cohesion among the many generations around the constitutional ideas, values, and freedoms."
The law offered Spanish citizenship to the children of Spanish exiles who had fled from the Franco regime. The 2007 Historical Memory Law had excluded children of exiles who had changed or renounced their Spanish citizenship; the new law entitled any descendant of Spanish immigrants born before 1985 – the year Spain changed its nationality law – to citizenship. This now included the grandchildren of people exiled under the Franco dictatorship, and the descendants of women who had lost their citizenship on marrying non-Spaniards. It is estimated that 700,000 people could be eligible for citizenship under the new "grandchildren law.
La Ley de los Nietos is estimated to enable over 750,000 people around the world to qualify for Spanish citizenship under this law.
Which is why the government will only accept applications for the next two years.
As published in the Consolidated Legislation Law 20/2022, of October 19, on Democratic Memory (here) defined in General Provisions…
Article 1. Object and purpose.
*Requirement will vary depending on eligibility path
Mandatory documents required by persons whose parents are citizens of Spain:
Mandatory documents required for a person whose parents or grandparents were Spaniards:
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We recommend checking out sephardim.com. If your surname pops up on a list there, it’s a good sign that you have the required ancestry.
The FCJE is a good starting place to find a proper authority – the Fedeacion de Comunidades Judias de España.
Spain has dual citizenship agreements in place with a number of Latin American countries and former colonies (see list above). If your country is on this list you will not need to give up your passport.
Spanish Citizenship by Birth:
You are Spanish by origin/birth and can apply directly for Spanish citizenship (where you do not require a residency period) if you were:
If one of your parents is a Spanish citizen born in Spain,
Born in Spain to foreign parents, if at least one parent was also born in Spain.
The exception is children of diplomats and consuls accredited in Spain;
Were adopted by a Spaniard and are under 18, or are over 18 and were adopted within the last two years;
We're born in Spain to foreign parents whose identity is unknown or their country of origin is undetermined (stateless or refugee status). This also applies if neither parents’ nationality could be legally passed on to you
Citizenship By Option
Obtaining citizenship by option occurs after one of your family members has already obtained citizenship. People who can benefit from citizenship by option include children of foreign citizens born in Spanish territory, people over the age of 18 who were adopted by Spanish nationals, and those who are or have been in the custody of a Spaniard.
If you are a foreigner and your children were born in Spain, they may be deemed Spanish by default (citizenship by presumption).
-Children of Spaniards nationalized in Spain may acquire nationality whenever they request it before they reach the age of 20-